Sudan’s military and civilian leaders on Monday signed an initial deal aimed at ending a deep crisis that has gripped the northeast African country since a coup a year ago.
Army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan seized power in October 2021, derailing a rocky transition to civilian rule that had started after the 2019 ouster of veteran autocrat Omar al-Bashir. The past year has seen near-weekly protests and a crackdown that pro-democracy medics say has killed at least 121, a spiraling economic crisis and a rise in ethnic violence in several remote regions.
Divisions among civilian groups have deepened since the coup, with some urging a deal with the military while others insist on “no partnership, no negotiation.” Monday’s deal was signed by Burhan, paramilitary commander Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo and multiple civilian groups, most notably the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) – the main civilian faction that was ousted in the coup.
The deal – based on a proposal by the Sudanese Bar Association – was negotiated in the presence of officials from the United Nations, Western diplomats as well as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, according to the FFC. The signing was attended by UN special representative Volker Perthes and AU ambassador Mohamed Belaish.
In a first phase, “the framework agreement lays the groundwork for establishing a transitional civilian authority,” said the FFC, noting that other civilian groups also signed. A final deal tackling issues including transitional justice and reforms to the military should be completed “within weeks,” it said.
Monday’s signing comes months after Burhan pledged that the military would step aside and make way for factions to agree on a civilian government. Pro-democracy activists reject the latest effort and are calling for new street protests demanding the military return to barracks.